Over the centuries, Egypt has had many names in many different languages.
Today’s official name is Jumhuriyah Misr Al-Arabiya, which in English translation means the Arab Republic of Egypt.
Today, Egyptians refer to Egypt as Misr, though this can also be a name for Cairo.
Cairo mostly names Misr or Masr by Upper Egyptians. It’s common for Egyptians to refer to Egypt as Misr if they are residents in Cairo, but if outsiders Cairo, then they will see Cairo as Misr. In absolute respect, this is a custom that dates to the earliest times of ancient Egypt.
Necessarily, we can recognize three groups of names that have applied to Egypt:
Misr is also an Arabic name merely meaning “country,” and this term as a name for Egypt comes from the Islamic Quran.
Misr can also translate as “fortress” or “castellated,” which indicates the natural protective boundaries and borders of Egypt, which protected the country from invaders.
Even today, people who speak a language often change the spelling of words into another language due to their inability to pronounce some of that foreign language.
This name can extend to Misr El-Mahrosa. (Egypt the protected country).
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